Glaucoma Facts

 

Glaucoma Facts

  • It is estimated that over 2.2 million Americans have glaucoma but only half of those know they have it.
  • Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the world, according to the World Health Organization.
  • Everyone is at risk for glaucoma from babies to senior citizens. Older people are at a higher risk for glaucoma but babies can be born with glaucoma (approximately 1 out of every 10,000 babies born in the US). 

Symptoms of Open-Angle Glaucoma

  • With open-angle glaucoma, the most common form, there are virtually no symptoms. There is no pain and vision loss begins slowly in the peripheral areas.
  • Most people who have open-angle glaucoma feel fine and do not notice any change in their vision.
  • By the time a patient is aware of vision loss, the disease is usually quite advanced and can lead to blindness.
  • You are at increased risk for glaucoma if your parents or siblings have the disease, if you are African American or Latino, and possibly if you are diabetic or have cardiovascular disease. The risk of glaucoma also increases with age.
  • Regular eye exams are key to early detection of glaucoma.

Detection & Treatment of Glaucoma

  • The best screening for glaucoma is to test the eye pressure, also known as intraocular pressure. This test should be done yearly. Some offices do this through the "puff of air test".
  • Here at Red Bank Family EyeCare, we have more accurate technology that does NOT use the puff test.
  • If glaucoma is detected during an eye exam, our doctors can prescribe a preventative treatment to help protect your vision. 
  • The good news is, when detected early, glaucoma is usually treatable with a daily eye drop.
  • For more severe cases that are not detected early, surgery may be needed.

If you have any questions about glaucoma or would like to make an appointment to have an exam and screening, please give us a call.